Preventing Cruelty to Animals since 1886
The story of the SPCA (or more commonly referred to as the Humane Society) in Ontario and the Ontario SPCA Act has a long and interesting history.
It all started in Toronto in November 1886 when a Globe and Mail reporter, J.J. Kelso happened upon two children, a brother and a sister, who had been forced by their parents to beg at least 25 cents per night at the threat of a severe beating. Kelso found shelter for the children and the parents were charged with neglect the next day but the judge threw the case out on the basis that there were no grounds for prosecution.
Severely affected by this, Kelso was by all accounts a true humanitarian in that he envisioned a society free of cruelty and shortly after the November 1886 incident Kelso presented to the Canadian Institute. The title of his presentation was “The necessity of a society for the prevention of cruelty in Toronto” and he called for a non-denominational humane society whose mandate included both animals and children. The Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty (note the lack of “to Animals”) was born.
After years of maintaining a vision of a unified society for the prevention of cruelty to animals and children, in 1919 the first Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act was enacted and the line between the Humane Society and the previously formed Children’s Aid Society was drawn.
The Ontario SPCA Act laid out the groundwork for organizations in Ontario to become SPCA’s and outlined how their Boards of Directors need to be formed and the organizations be managed at the highest level. The Ontario SPCA Act more importantly however spelled out a formula for SPCA’s to employ Agents and Inspectors who have the powers of Police Officers to deal with questions of animal cruelty. The Welland & District Humane Society is an affiliate of the Ontario Humane Society and that affiliation gives us the authority to investigate cases of animal cruelty and prosecute offenders when necessary.
The Ontario SPCA and the Welland & District SPCA enjoy a close relationship and continue to work hand in hand to strengthen animal cruelty laws within the Province. The Welland & District SPCA over the last few years has grown to include its own S/N clinic and a mobile S/N clinic. We also have a close partnership with Petsmart Charities of Canada who have helped us with our clinics and continue to support our spay / neuter initiatives. We will continue to set the PACE for Animal Welfare in Ontario with our partner communities.